Synthesis and modification of beta zeolite for use in toluene disproportionation reaction
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SummaryIn this paper zeolite Beta was synthesized and characterized by XRD, ATG, ATD, XRF and SEM. Subsequently various modifications were made using a surface passivation process in liquid phase with tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), using two loads of TEOS and three passivation cycles, in order to obtain six catalysts. These materials were characterized by NH3-TPD and tested in tolune disproportionation reaction, under different conditions of pressure and temperature. As modification cycles were increased for each catalyst, there was a change in the acidity of the solids, mainly due to deposition of an inert layer of silica on the external surface. These results were confirmed with the improvement in para-selectivity and decreasing in conversion. Despite zeolite Beta is a large pore zeolite, an improvement of the para-selectivity was obtained, achieving almost stable values for the entire range of temperature and pressure conditions.
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