Growth, yield and agronomic efficiency of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cv. IAPAR 117 affected by nitrogen rates and sources
Artículo de revista
MetadataShow full item record
SummaryThe aim of this research was to evaluate two traditional N sources (urea and ammonium sulfate) and an alternative one (sulfamoo) with increasing rates (0, 40, 80, 120 and 160 kg N ha-1, respectively) affecting aspects of upland rice crop cv. IAPAR 117. The experiment was carried out in greenhouse conditions, using a completely randomized design in 3x4 factorial scheme, with four replicates. It was evaluated the number of tillers (NT), plant mean height (PMH), dry matter of shoots (DMS), crop yield/mass of filled grains (MFG), content of N-DMS, agronomic efficiency of nitrogen (AE), mass of 100 filled grains (M100FG) and grain harvest index (GHI). The nitrogen rates application as ammonium sulfate resulted in a greater increasing of NT, DMS, MFG and N-DMS, respectively. In fact, higher agronomic efficiency obtained with urea and sulfamoo at 40 kg N. ha-1, although AE decreased within the higher rates of N, independently from the source. The M100FG and GHI were higher when sulfamoo and urea were used, although the high N supply negatively affected these two variables for all N evaluated sources.
- Acta Agronómica