Design of a three-finger end effector for optimal grip
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This paper presents the design of a three-fingered gripper with two degrees of freedom (DOF) per finger for a total of six (DOF). We show a brief mathematical description of the kinematics involved in the gripper with which to determine the workspace. With the workspace, all possible attachment points are obtained, that will be the points at which the end-effector contacts with the object geometry. To select which of these points is best for hold the object, we proceed to evaluate the force that is exerted on it by mathematical theory called Screw. This force should be the minimum to ensure that do not present sliding as well as avoid damages of the object by excess strength. Due to the fact that the contact points are numerous and evaluate them takes quite time by an algorithm combining, for this reason the optimization algorithm Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA) is implemented. The results of the optimization with attachment points that exert minimal force were presented.
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