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dc.rights.licenseAtribución-NoComercial 4.0 Internacional
dc.contributor.authorEstrada Montoya, John Harold
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-03T17:31:44Z
dc.date.available2019-07-03T17:31:44Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.unal.edu.co/handle/unal/74245
dc.description.abstractBackground: In Latin America, young men and women are the fastestgrowing group living with, or at high risk for HIV. Young people areparticularly vulnerable due to their sexual behavior; use of illicit drugs;lack of access to education and health services; cultural, economicaland social factors; structural violence; marginalization and poverty.Methods: A systematic literature review of evaluations of HIVeducational programs for young people published in internationaldatabases within the last four years was performed. Specializededucational evaluation books, primary and secondary documents andgray literature were consulted too, to identify the principal features ofsuccessful programs that could be adapted and implemented in LatinAmerica, taking into account its particular historical and contextualconditions. Results: T he r eview i dentified 1 20 d ocuments r elatedto the evaluation of HIV educational programs. Programs werecategorized as successful if they: exceeded the "ABC" (Abstinence,Be faithful, Condom use) methodology; were supported by nationalauthorities; used participative instruction methods; presentedcomprehensive information, including general HIV education, riskreduction practices, methods of contraception and condom use,respect for sexual and gender diversity; and guaranteed the joinand permanence of young people into the educational programs.Conclusions: Successful HIV/AIDS educational programs promote theacquisition of protective though processes and behaviors by focusingon the historical, contextual, psycho-social, and sexual factors thataffect behavior and health. An education committed to HIV/AIDSprevention has to be accessible to young people through the schoolsand must support life conditions that allow them to take advantageof learning opportunities. In this way, can young people acquire theknowledge, abilities, competences, values, and attitudes that makeit possible to overcome the conditions of vulnerability they face. Aneducation committed to the reconstruction of citizenship of youngpeople will contribute to decreasing HIV transmission and the impactof the pandemic.
dc.description.abstractAntecedentes: en América Latina, l@s jóvenes son el grupo quepresenta mayor crecimiento de prevalencia de VIH o del riesgo deadquirirlo. La gente joven es particularmente vulnerable debidoa sus comportamientos sexuales; uso de drogas ilícitas; falta deacceso a los servicios educativos y de salud; factores culturales,económicos y sociales; violencia estructural, marginalización ypobreza. Metodología: se realizó una revisión sistemática de laliteratura sobre evaluaciones de programas educativos sobre VIHdestinados a jóvenes en las bases de datos internacionales durantecuatro años. Se consultaron libros especializados en educación,documentos primarios y secundarios, y literatura gris, paraidentificar los principales factores considerados exitosos y quepuedan ser implementados en América Latina, teniendo en cuentasu contexto histórico y político. Resultados: la revisión identificó120 documentos relacionados con la evaluación de programaseducativos sobre VIH. Los programas fueron consideradosexitosos si: excedían la metodología ABC (Abstinencia, Ser fiel yUso de condón); estaban soportados por autoridades nacionaleso regionales; usaban métodos de instrucción participativa;presentaban información comprensiva; incluían educacióngeneral sobre VIH, prácticas de reducción de riesgo, métodos decontracepción y uso de condón, respeto por la diversidad sexual yde género; y finalmente garantizar la adherencia y permanencia delos jóvenes en los programas. Conclusiones: los programas exitososen VIH, promueven la adquisición de procesos y comportamientosprotectores enfocándose en los procesos históricos, contextuales,psico-sociales y sexuales que afectan el comportamiento y lasalud. Una educación comprometida con la reconstrucción dela ciudadanía de l@s jóvenes contribuirá a la contención de lapandemia y sus impactos.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isospa
dc.publisherFacultad de Odontología. Universidad Nacional de Colombia.
dc.relationhttp://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/actaodontocol/article/view/41903
dc.relation.ispartofUniversidad Nacional de Colombia Revistas electrónicas UN Acta Odontológica Colombiana
dc.relation.ispartofActa Odontológica Colombiana
dc.relation.ispartofseriesActa Odontológica Colombiana; Vol. 3, núm. 2 (2013); 79-86 2027-7822
dc.rightsDerechos reservados - Universidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.titleEducation for hiv prevention addressed to young people: an analysis from the social determination of health
dc.typeArtículo de revista
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.identifier.eprintshttp://bdigital.unal.edu.co/38722/
dc.relation.referencesEstrada Montoya, John Harold (2013) Education for hiv prevention addressed to young people: an analysis from the social determination of health. Acta Odontológica Colombiana; Vol. 3, núm. 2 (2013); 79-86 2027-7822 .
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject.proposalHIV infection
dc.subject.proposaleducation program
dc.subject.proposalyouth
dc.subject.proposalprevention
dc.subject.proposalsocial determination.
dc.subject.proposalInfección por VIH
dc.subject.proposalprogramas educativos
dc.subject.proposaljuventud
dc.subject.proposalprevención
dc.subject.proposaldeterminación social.
dc.type.coarhttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_6501
dc.type.coarversionhttp://purl.org/coar/version/c_970fb48d4fbd8a85
dc.type.contentText
dc.type.redcolhttp://purl.org/redcol/resource_type/ART
oaire.accessrightshttp://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_abf2


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Atribución-NoComercial 4.0 InternacionalThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial 4.0.This document has been deposited by the author (s) under the following certificate of deposit