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dc.rights.licenseAtribución-NoComercial 4.0 Internacional
dc.contributor.advisorCalvo Gómez, José Manuel
dc.contributor.advisorSánchez Pedraza, Ricardo
dc.contributor.authorPolanco Díaz, Roger Enrique
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-24T16:49:38Z
dc.date.available2020-01-24T16:49:38Z
dc.date.issued2020-01-16
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.unal.edu.co/handle/unal/75519
dc.description.abstractLa conducta suicida es considerada a nivel mundial como un problema de salud pública, además de un fenómeno potencialmente prevenible, por lo cual se han venido planteando diferentes estrategias en promoción y prevención dentro de las cuales se incluye el control sobre la información disponible en los diferentes medios de comunicación, donde internet juega un papel primordial. Por lo anterior, se han venido realizando en diferentes partes del mundo estudios analíticos sobre las características de la información disponible en la red sobre el tema del suicidio. Se analizó el tipo de información de las páginas web obtenidas mediante búsquedas en el metabuscador más utilizado en nuestro medio con los términos de búsqueda más comúnmente usados, asociados al suicidio; teniendo en cuenta si exhiben información que aliente al suicidio, información neutra, de prevención del suicidio o no relevante, también se categorizaron los tipos de páginas web encontradas y se calculó un índice de visibilidad para cada una de las direcciones web obtenidas según la cantidad de apariciones en la muestra y la posición ocupada en las listas de resultados de búsqueda. En nuestro análisis se evidenció que la proporción de información pro-suicidio en nuestro medio es muy similar a la reportada en Reino Unido y Estados Unidos, estando por debajo de la reportada en Turquía y un poco menos alejada de la reportada en China pero mucho mayor que la reportada en Australia. También se evidenció que la información anti-suicidio en nuestro medio corresponde a más de una tercera parte de la muestra, un porcentaje mayor a los reportados en Reino Unido, Estados Unidos y Turquía y muy cercana a la reportada en China y Australia que son aún mayores. Fue llamativo que la mayor presencia en la muestra proviene de sitios web de noticias y blogs, con una muy baja presencia de sitios de organizaciones gubernamentales y sitios de instituciones académicas y de investigación. Dentro de los sitios con mayor probabilidad de visualización se destaca la página de prevención del suicidio del Ministerio de Salud Nacional, que fue el primer resultado en todas las listas de resultados de cada búsqueda realizada, no obstante, la mayoría de los sitios de mayores índices de visibilidad corresponden a sitios de noticias y blogs, siendo concordantes con el total de la muestra. Estos hallazgos abren la puerta al análisis de las posibles intervenciones políticas y/o de salud pública para modificar las características de dicha información disponible sobre suicidio en internet en nuestro medio, con el fin de buscar un potencial efecto de prevención del suicidio. Palabras clave: Suicidio, Internet, Prevención del suicidio, Métodos de suicidio.
dc.description.abstractSuicidal behavior is considered worldwide as a public health problem, in addition to a potentially preventable phenomenon, which is why different strategies for promotion and prevention have been considered, including control over the information available in the different media, where the internet plays a key role. Therefore, analytical studies have been carried out in different parts of the world on the characteristics of the information available on the network about suicide. We analyzed the type of information of the web pages obtained by searching the most used metasearch engine in our context with the most commonly used search terms associated with suicide; considering whether they display information that encourages suicide, neutral, suicide prevention or non-relevant information, the types of web pages found were also categorized and a visibility index was calculated for each of the web addresses obtained according to the amount of occurrences in the sample and the position occupied in the search result lists. Our analysis showed that the proportion of pro-suicide information in our context is very similar to that reported in the United Kingdom and the United States, being below to the data reported in Turkey and a little less remote from that reported in China but much higher than reported in Australia. It was also shown that the anti-suicide information in our context corresponds to more than a third of the sample, a percentage higher than those reported in the United Kingdom, the United States and Turkey and very close to that reported in China and Australia, which are even greater. It was striking that the largest presence in the sample comes from news websites and blogs, with a very low presence of government organization sites and sites of academic and research institutions. Among the sites with the highest probability of visualization, the suicide prevention page of the Ministry of National Health stands out, which was the first result in all the lists of results of each search performed, however, most of the sites with the highest rates of visibility correspond to news sites and blogs, being consistent with the total sample. These findings open the door to the analysis of possible political and / or public health interventions to modify the characteristics of such information available on internet suicide in our context, in order to look for a potential suicide prevention effect. Keywords: Suicide, Internet, Suicide prevention, Suicide methods
dc.format.extent52
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isospa
dc.rightsDerechos reservados - Universidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.subject.ddcMedicina y salud::Salud y seguridad personal
dc.subject.ddcPsiquiatría
dc.titleCaracterización de información disponible sobre suicidio en internet, de páginas en español en Colombia
dc.typeDocumento de trabajo
dc.rights.spaAcceso abierto
dc.description.projectCaracterización de información disponible sobre suicidio en internet, de páginas en español en Colombia
dc.description.additionalEspecialista en Psiquiatría.
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.publisher.branchUniversidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Bogotá
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dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject.proposalSuicidio
dc.subject.proposalSuicide
dc.subject.proposalInternet
dc.subject.proposalInternet
dc.subject.proposalSuicide prevention
dc.subject.proposalPrevención del suicidio
dc.subject.proposalSuicide methods
dc.subject.proposalMétodos de suicidio
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Atribución-NoComercial 4.0 InternacionalThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial 4.0.This document has been deposited by the author (s) under the following certificate of deposit