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dc.rights.licenseAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0 Internacional
dc.contributor.advisorAcero, Arturo
dc.contributor.advisorBetancur, Ricardo
dc.contributor.authorTorres Rodríguez, Javier Alfonso
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-04T21:39:28Z
dc.date.available2020-03-04T21:39:28Z
dc.date.issued2016-08-25
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.unal.edu.co/handle/unal/75850
dc.description.abstractEl pez león Pterois volitans ha invadido el Atlántico occidental causando una seria disminución en el reclutamiento de peces arrecifales, afectando poblaciones de competidores y no competidores de todas las tallas, lo cual ha alterado la complejidad de la red trófica y la estabilidad arrecifal. Esta invasión constituye una problemática prioritaria debido al potencial impacto que causa en el ambiente y al sector socioeconómico, por lo cual la aplicación de todas las herramientas científicas es urgente. En este estudio se evaluó la dinámica temporal de la diversidad genética de la invasión del pez león en dos localidades del Caribe (SA Caribe occidental y SM Caribe sur) a partir de dos marcadores moleculares, el primero consistió en un análisis de la región control mitocondrial de 432 individuos, el cual no reveló cambios temporales en ambas localidades, aunque se detectó la presencia del haplotipo H3 en un individuo en SA, lo cual obedece a una baja frecuencia de esta información. Se elaboraron y estandarizaron 10 loci tipo microsatélites que se amplificaron en 364 individuos, el análisis mostró un déficit de heterocigotos, lo cual puede estar relacionado con efectos de endogamia y deriva génica. El estudio reveló que la invasión se encuentra estructurada por seis stocks genéticamente diferentes (K = 6) de los cuales se encontraron cuatro en SA y cinco en SM, lo cual concuerda con variaciones espaciales y temporales relacionadas a diferencias en las tasas de reclutamiento de los individuos colonizadores de cada localidad.
dc.description.abstractThe lion fish Pterois volitans has invaded the western Atlantic causing a serious decline in the recruitment of reef fish, affecting population’s competitors and non-competitors of all sizes, which has altered the complexity of the food web and reef stability. This invasion is a priority issue because of the potential impact caused on the environment and the socio-economic sector, for which the application of all scientific tools is urgent. In this study the temporal dynamics of the genetic diversity of the invasion of lionfish in two locations of the Caribbean (SA Western and Caribbean SM southern Caribbean) from two molecular markers was evaluated, the first was an analysis of the mitochondrial control region of 432 subjects, which revealed no temporal changes in both locations, although the presence of H3 haplotype was detected in an individual in SA, which is due to a low frequency of this information. 10 microsatellite loci were developed and standardized in 364 subjects, the analysis showed a deficit of heterozygotes, which may be related to effects of inbreeding and genetic drift. The study revealed that the invasion is structured by six different genetic stocks (K = 6) of which were found four in SA and five in SM, which is consistent with spatial and temporal variations related to differences in rates of recruitment of the colonizers of each locality.
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dc.rightsDerechos reservados - Universidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subject.ddcBiología
dc.titleVARIACIÓN DE LA DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA LUEGO DE UN EVENTO FUNDADOR EN UN PEZ INVASOR (Pterois volitans) (SCORPAENIDAE)
dc.typeTrabajo de grado - Maestría
dc.rights.spaAcceso abierto
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.description.degreelevelMaestría
dc.publisher.departmentCentro de estudios en Ciencias del mar-CECIMAR
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad Caribe
dc.publisher.branchUniversidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Caribe
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dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject.proposalEvento fundador, Pterois volitans, endogamia, deriva génica, invasiones biológicas, región control mitocondrial, microsatélites.
dc.subject.proposalFounder event, Pterois volitans, inbreeding, genetic drift, biological invasions, mitochondrial control region, microsatellites.
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Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0 InternacionalThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial 4.0.This document has been deposited by the author (s) under the following certificate of deposit