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dc.rights.licenseAtribución-SinDerivadas 4.0 Internacional
dc.contributor.advisorSarmiento Perez, Gustavo
dc.contributor.authorPastor Chacón, Andrés Felipe
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-07T14:54:06Z
dc.date.available2020-09-07T14:54:06Z
dc.date.issued2020-06-16
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.unal.edu.co/handle/unal/78403
dc.description.abstractCerca del 8.3% del petróleo generado a nivel global proviene de rocas del Devónico. Estas rocas han sido bien estudiadas como intervalos generadores en cuencas productoras de los Estados Unidos, Perú, Bolivia y la Península Arábica y estas tienen conexión paleogeográfica con las cuencas de Colombia. Rocas generadoras del Devónico afloran en el Macizo de Floresta y fueron caracterizadas mediante el análisis de facies, litogeoquímica y geoquímica orgánica. Esto nos permitió proponer 11 facies con 7 asociaciones de facies, que se resumen en ambientes de plataforma transgresiva mixta con predominio siliciclástico y acción de tormentas, que gradualmente evolucionan a ambientes costeros de mares epicontinentales. Se identifica que esta plataforma tiene alta productividad, es anóxica y que varios intervalos tienen valores originales de TOC restaurados matemáticamente entre el 1,27% y el 4,35%, valores buenos a excelentes en la generación de hidrocarburos. La alta madurez termal de la sucesión en la actualidad permite concluir que la sucesión se encuentra agotada para producir hidrocarburos líquidos, pero sus valores originales de IH restaurado y el análisis visual del kerógeno indican la presencia de materia orgánica con kerógenos de tipo II. Los resultados de esta investigación aportan ideas al conocimiento del Devónico y a la exploración de hidrocarburos en el subsuelo de las cuencas Llanos y Putumayo.
dc.description.abstractAlmost 8.3% of generated world oil belongs to Devonian rocks. These rocks are well studied as source intervals in oil producing basins of United States, Peru and Bolivia, and these basins are connected to Colombia. Devonian source rocks crop out in the Floresta Massif and were characterized by facies analysis, lithogeochemistry and organic geochemistry. This allows us to propose 11 facies with 7 facies associations, which are summarized in mixed transgressive platform environments with siliciclastic predominance and storm influence, which gradually evolve into coastal environments of epicontinental seas. This platform has high productivity, is anoxic and several intervals have mathematically restored TOC values between 1,27% and 4.35%, good to excellent values in hydrocarbon generation. The high thermal maturity of the succession nowadays, allows us to conclude that the succession is depleted to produce liquid hydrocarbons, but mathematically restored HI values and visual kerogen assessment shows organic matter from type II kerogens. The results of this research contribute ideas to the knowledge of the Devonian and the exploration of hydrocarbons in the subsurface of the Llanos and Putumayo basins
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dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isospa
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/
dc.subject.ddc550 - Ciencias de la tierra::551 - Geología, hidrología, meteorología
dc.titleSedimentología y caracterización como roca generadora de hidrocarburos de la formación floresta, Macizo de Floresta, Colombia
dc.typeOtro
dc.rights.spaAcceso abierto
dc.description.additionalLínea de Investigación: Sedimentología, estratigrafía y paleontología
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.publisher.programBogotá - Ciencias - Maestría en Ciencias - Geología
dc.contributor.researchgroupTECNICAS APLICADAS A TECTONICA Y ANALISIS DE CUENCAS
dc.description.degreelevelMaestría
dc.publisher.departmentDepartamento de Geociencias
dc.publisher.branchUniversidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Bogotá
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dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject.proposalSedimentology
dc.subject.proposalSedimentología
dc.subject.proposalFloresta Massif
dc.subject.proposalMacizo de Floresta
dc.subject.proposalFloresta Formation
dc.subject.proposalFormación Floresta
dc.subject.proposalDevonian
dc.subject.proposalDevónico
dc.subject.proposalSource rock
dc.subject.proposalRoca generadora
dc.subject.proposalAnoxia
dc.subject.proposalAnoxia


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