Show simple item record

dc.rights.licenseAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0 Internacional
dc.contributor.advisorGuzmam, Héctor
dc.contributor.advisorZea, Sven
dc.contributor.authorMejía-Quintero, Katherine Johanna
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-31T15:31:35Z
dc.date.available2020-10-31T15:31:35Z
dc.date.issued2020-10-30
dc.identifier.citationMejía-Quintero K. 2020. Variación morfométrica en octocorales del género Pacifigorgia (OCTOCORALLIA: GORGONIIDAE) (Tesis de maestria). Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Santa Marta, 49 p.
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.unal.edu.co/handle/unal/78579
dc.description.abstractThe taxonomic identification of octocorals is based on morphological characters, known for their high plasticity with the environment. This hinders the delimitation and identification of species, which translates in biases in the estimations of local and regional diversity, population abundance and physiological tolerance, among others. In order to recognize and quantify the effect of depth in some morphological characters of the genus Pacifigorgia, two taxonomically well-defined species, P. bayeri and P. cairnsi, were employed, comparing colonies from shallow (3-5 m) and deep (18-20 m) zones in the Gulf of Chiriquí, Panamanian Pacific. The external characters were evaluated from scaled images of the colonies, and the internal ones on confocal microscopy images of four types of sclerites. Following a nested mixed model in PERMANOVA and PERANOVA test, it was found that, externally, both species had a significant variation in the number of calices/cm with depth, although in a different direction, higher in the shallow zone for P. cairnsi and higher in the deep zone for P. bayeri. In addition, P. cairnsi had the widest mesh diameter in the deep zone. Internally, only P. cairnsi varied significantly with the depth in the length of almost all sclerites. Both species, although do not converge in their morphological response with depth, they show a highly significant variation between colonies of the same depth. Finally, some of these taxonomic characters, although plastic, did not generate visually perceptible variations that could have an impact on the taxonomic recognition of the species.
dc.description.abstractLa identificación taxonómica de los octocorales está basada en caracteres morfológicos que son ampliamente reconocidos por su alta plasticidad con el ambiente. Esto dificulta la delimitación e identificación de las especies, ocasionando sesgos en las estimaciones de diversidad local o regional, de abundancia poblacional y de tolerancia fisiológica, entre otras. Con el fin de reconocer y cuantificar el efecto de la profundidad en algunos caracteres morfológicos del género Pacifigorgia, se emplearon dos especies bien definidas taxonómicamente, P. bayeri y P. cairnsi, comparando colonias entre una zona somera (3-5 m) y una profunda (18-20 m) en el Golfo de Chiriquí, Pacífico panameño. Se evaluaron caracteres estándar externos, medidos sobre las colonias, e internos, medidos en cuatro tipos de escleritas. Para las medidas morfométricas se emplearon imágenes a escala de las colonias, e imágenes de las escleritas en microscopía confocal. Mediante análisis de PERMANOVA y PERANOVA y siguiendo un modelo mixto anidado, se encontró que, externamente, ambas especies variaron significativamente en el número de cálices/cm con la profundidad, aunque en diferente dirección, mayor en la zona somera para P. cairnsi y mayor en la zona profunda para P. bayeri. Adicionalmente, un mayor diámetro de malla fue encontrado en las colonias de la zona profunda de P. cairnsi. Internamente, sólo P. cairnsi varió significativamente con la profundidad en la longitud de casi todas las escleritas. Ambas especies, aunque no convergen en la respuesta morfológica en el gradiente de profundidad, sí presentaron variaciones altamente significativas entre las colonias de la misma profundidad, para todas las variables. Finalmente, algunos de estos caracteres taxonómicos, aunque plásticos, no generaron variaciones visualmente perceptibles que pudieran tener un impacto en el reconocimiento taxonómico de las especies.
dc.description.sponsorshipSmithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Colciencias, Universidad Nacional de Colombia.
dc.format.extent49
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isospa
dc.rightsDerechos reservados - Universidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subject.ddc500 - Ciencias naturales y matemáticas
dc.titleVariación morfométrica en octocorales del género Pacifigorgia (OCTOCORALLIA: GORGONIIDAE)
dc.typeTrabajo de grado - Maestría
dc.rights.spaAcceso abierto
dc.description.projectPlasticidad fenotípica en abanicos de mar del género Pacifigorgia (OCTOCORALLIA: GORGONIIDAE)
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.publisher.programCaribe - Caribe - Maestría en Ciencias - Biología
dc.contributor.corporatenameUniversidad Nacional de Colombia-Sede Caribe-CECIMAR
dc.contributor.researchgroupFauna Marina Colombiana: Biodiversidad y Usos
dc.description.degreelevelMaestría
dc.publisher.departmentCentro de estudios en Ciencias del mar-CECIMAR
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad Caribe
dc.publisher.branchUniversidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Caribe
dc.relation.referencesAbeytia R, Guzman HM, Breedy O. 2013. Species composition and bathymetric distribution of gorgonians (Anthozoa: Octocorallia) on the Southern Mexican Pacific coast. Rev. Biol. Trop. 61:3. DOI:10.15517/RBT.V61I3.11910 Aguilar C, Sánchez JA. 2007. Molecular morphometrics: contribution of ITS2 sequences and predicted RNA secondary structures to octocoral systematics. Bull. Mar. Sci. 8(3): 335-349. Alcolado PM, Corvea A, González A. 1980. Variaciones morfológicas internas y externas de los abanicos de mar (Gorgonia spp.) y su valor adaptativo. Ciencias Biológicas. 5:47-56. Alvarado JJ, Guzman HM, Breedy O. 2012 .Distribution and diversity of echinoderms (Asteroidea, Echinoidea, Holothuroidea) in the islands of the Gulf of Chiriqui, Panamá. Rev. Biol. Mar. Oceanogr. 47 (1):13–22. Ament-Velásquez SL, Breedy O, Cortés J, Guzman HM, Wörheide G, Vargas S. 2016. Homoplasious colony morphology and mito-nuclear phylogenetic dis¬cordance among Eastern Pacific octocorals. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 98: 373-381. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.02.023 Anderson MJ, Gorley RN, Clarke RK. 2008. Permanova. PRIMER: guide to software and statistical methods. PRIMER-E, Plymouth, UK. 214 p. Bayer F. 1953. Zoogeography and evolution in the octocorallian family Gorgoniidae. Bull Mar Sci. 3 (2):100-119. Bayer F. 1961. The shallow-water Octocorallia of the West Indian Region. Martinus Nijoff, La Haya, 373p. Borrero-Pérez GH, Pérez-Ruzafa A, Marcos C, González-Wanguemert M. 2009. The taxonomic status of some Atlanto-Mediterranean species in the subgenus Holothuria (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea: Holothuriidae) based on molecular evidence. ZOOL J LINN SOC-LOND. 157: 51-69. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00529.x Breedy O. 2001. A new species of Pacifigorgia from the eastern Pacific (Coelenterata: Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae). Bull. Biol. Soc. Wash. 10: 181-187. Breedy O, Guzman HM. 2002. A revision of the genus Pacifigorgia (Coelenterata: Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 115: 782-839. Breedy O, Guzman HM. 2003. Octocorals from Costa Rica: The genus Pacifigorgia (Coelenterata: Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae). Zootaxa. 281: 1-60. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.281.1.1 Breedy O, Guzman HM. 2007. A revision of the genus Leptogorgia Milne Edwards y Haime, 1857 (Coelenterata: Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae) in the eastern Pacific. Zootaxa. 1419: 1-90. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1419.1.1 Breedy O, Guzman HM, Vargas S. 2009. A revision of the genus Eugorgia Verrill, 1868 (Coelenterata: Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae). Zootaxa. 2151: 1-46. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2151.1.1 Breedy O, Guzman HM. 2015. A revision of the genus Muricea Lamouroux, 1821 (Anthozoa, Octocorallia) in the eastern Pacific. Part I: Eumuricea Verrill, 1869 revisited. ZooKeys. 537:1-32. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.537.6025 Breedy O, Guzman HM. 2016. A revision of the genus Muricea Lamouroux, 1821 (Anthozoa, Octocorallia) in the eastern Pacific. Part II: Muricea Verrill, 1869 revisited. ZooKeys. 581:1-69. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.581.7910 Calixto-Botía I, Sánchez JA. 2017. A case of modular phenotypic plasticity in the depth gradient for the gorgonian coral Antillogorgia bippinata (Cnidaria: Octocorallia). BMC Evol. Biol.17:55. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-017-0900-8 Carlo JM, Barbeitos MS, Lasker HR. 2011. Quantifying Complex Shapes: Elliptical Fourier Analysis of Octocoral Sclerites. Biol. Bull. 220:224-237. Coates AG, Jackson JB, Collins LS, Cronin TM, Dowsett HJ, Bybell LM, Jung P, Obando JA. 1992. Closure of the Isthmus of Panama: the near-shore marine record of Costa Rica and western Panama. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 104 (7): 814–28. Coffroth MA, Lasker HR. 1998. Population structure of a clonal gorgonian coral: the interplay between clonal reproduction and disturbance. Evolution. 52: 379–393. Cordeiro R, McFadden C, van Ofwegen L, Williams G. 2020. World List of Octocorallia. Pacifigorgia Bayer, 1951. World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=267665. Access 2020-10-04 D’Croz L, Mate´JL. 2004. Experimental responses to elevated water temperature in genotypes of the reef coral Pocillopora damicornis from upwelling and non-upwelling environments in Panama. Coral Reefs. 23, 473e483 D´Crox, L. y A. O´Dea. 2007. Variability in upwelling along the Pacific shelf of Panamá and implications for the distribution of nutrients and clorophyll. Estuar. Coast. Shelf. Sci. XX:1–16 p. De Maesschalck R, Jouan-Rimbaud D, Massart DL. 2000. The Mahalanobis distance. Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst. 50(1): 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-7439(99)00047-7 Digby PGN, Kempton RA. 1987. Multivariate analysis of ecological communities. Population and Community Biology. Editorial Chapman and Hall. Londres y Nueva York. 206 p. Dominici-Arosemena A, Wolff M. 2006. Reef fish community structure in the Tropical Eastern Pacific (Panamá): living on a relatively stable rocky reef environment. Helgol Mar Res. 60: 287–305. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10152-006-0045-4 DosReis SF, Pessoa LM, Strauss RE. 1990. Application of size-free canonical discriminant analysis to studies geographic differentiation. Rev. Brasil. Genet. 13(3): 209-520. Etnoyer P, Morgan LE. 2003. Occurrences of habitat forming deep-sea corals in the Northwest Pacific Ocean. Final Report. (Silver Spring, Fl: NOAA Office of Protected Resources). 32 p. Etnoyer P, Warrenchuk J. 2007. A catshark nursery in a deep gorgonian field in Mississippi Canyon, Gulf of Mexico. Bull. Mar. Sci. 81: 553-559. Everton OJ, Carlo JM, Lasker HR. 2014. Plasticity and conservatism in sclerites of a Caribbean octocoral. Hidrobiologia. 1-10. Fabricius KE y De´ath G. 2008. Photosynthetic Symbionts and Energy Supply Determine Octocoral Biodiversity in Coral Reefs. Ecol. Appl. 89 (11): 3163-3173. Gomez CG, Guzman HM, Gonzalez A, Breedy O. 2014. Survival, growth, and recruitment of octocoral species (Coelenterata: Octocorallia) in Coiba National Park Pacific Panamá. Bull. Mar. Sci. 90 (2): 1-28. https://doi.org/10.5343/bms.2012.1092 Gomez CG, Gonzalez A, Guzman HM. 2018. Reproductive traits and their relationship with water temperature in three common octocoral (Anthozoa: Octocorallia) species from the tropical eastern Pacific. Bull. Mar. Sci. 94 (4): 1527-1541. https://doi.org/10.5343/bms.2017.1051 Gutiérrez-Rodríguez C, Barbeitos MS, Sánchez JA, Lasker HR. 2009. Phylogeography and morphological variation of the branching octocoral Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae. Mol. Phylogenetics Evol. 50: 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2008.09.019 Guzman HM, Guevara CA, Breedy O. 2004. Distribution, diversity, and conservation of coral reefs and coral communities in the largest marine protected area of the Pacific Panama (Coiba Island). Environ Conserv. 31:111–121. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892904001250 Guzman HM, Benfield S, Breedy O, Mair JM. 2008. Broadening reef protection across the marine conservation corridor of the Eastern Tropical Pacific: distribution and diversity of reefs in Las Perlas Archipelago, Panama. Environ. Conserv. 35: 46-54. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892908004542 Guzman HM, Breedy O. 2008. Distribución de la diversidad y estado de conservación de los arrecifes coralinos y comunidades coralinas del Pacífico Occidental de Panamá (Punta Mala, Punta Burica). TNC. 40p. Guzman HM, Breedy O. 2011. Pacifigorgia marviva (Anthozoa: Octocorallia) a new species from Coiba National Park, Pacific Panama. J. Mar. Biolog. Assoc. U.K. 92 (04): 693-698. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315411000373 Harii S, Kayanne H. 2003. Larval dispersal, recruitment, and adult distribution of the brooding stony octocoral Heliopora coerulea on Ishigaki Island, southwest Japan. Coral Reefs. 22: 188-196. Harvell CD, Suchanek TH. 1987. Partial predation on tropical gorgonians by Cyphoma gibbosum (Gastropoda). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 38:37-44 Hickson SJ. 1928. The Gorgonacea of Panama Bay together with a description of one species from Galapagos Island and one of Trinidad. Videnskavelige Meddelelser fra den naturhistoriske Forening i Kovenhav for Aarene. 85: 325-422. Kaandorp JA, Kübler JE. 2001. The Algorithmic Beauty of Seaweeds, Sponges and Corals. Springer. The Virtual Laboratory. Heidelberg, Alemania. 192 p. Kim K, Lasker HR. 1998. Allometry of resource capture in colonial cnidarians and constraints on modular growth. Funct. Ecol. 12(4): 646-654. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2435.1998.00228.x Kim E, Lasker HR, Coffroth MA, Kim K. 2004. Morphological and genetic variation across reef habitats in a broadcast-spawning octocoral. Hydrobiologia. 530: 423–432. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-004-2646-8 Lasker HR. 1981. A Comparison of the Particulate Feeding Abilities of Three Species of Gorgonian Soft Coral. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. Vol. 5: 61-67. Lasker HR, Porto-Hannes I. 2015. Population structure among octocoral adults and recruits identifies scale-dependent patterns of population isolation in The Bahamas. PeerJ3:e1019. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1019 Lewis JB, Post EE. 1982. Respiration and energetics in West Indian gorgonacea (Anthozoa, octocorallia). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A Comp. Physiol. 71: 457–459. https://doi.org/10.1016/0300-9629(82)90434-0 Lucas MQ, Rodríguez LR, Sanabria DJ, Weil E. 2014. Natural Prey Preferences and Spatial Variability of Predation Pressure by Cyphoma gibbosum (Mollusca: Gastropoda) on Octocoral Communities off La Parguera, Puerto Rico. Int Sch Res Notices. 13 p. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/742387 McFadden C, Sanchez JA, France SC. 2010. Molecular phylogenetic insights into the evolution of Octocorallia: a review. Integr Comp Biol 50: 389–410. https://doi.org/10.1093/icb/icq056 Prada C, Schizas NV, Yoshioka PM. 2008. Phenotypic plasticity or speciation? A case from a clonal marine organism. BMC Evol. Biol. 8: 47. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-8-47 Pérez CD, Neves BM, Cordeiro RT, Williams GC, Cairns SD. 2016. Diversity and Distribution of Octocorallia. 109-123. En: Goffredo S, Dubinsky Z. (eds.). The Cnidaria, Past, Present and Future. Springer International Publishing. 119-123. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-31305-4_8 R Core Team. 2016. R: A language and environment for statistica computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. https://www.R-project.org/. Rasband WS. 2015. ImageJ. U.S. National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. http://imagej.nih.gov/ij/, Rosenberg G. 1992. An introduction to the Ovulidae (Gastropoda: Cypraeacea). Am. conchol. 20: 4-7. Rossi S, Schubert N, Brown D, Oliveira M, Grosso V, Rangel-Huerta E, Maldonado E. 2018. Linking host morphology and symbiont performance in octocorals. Sci Rep. 8, 12823. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-31262-3 Sánchez JA. 2007. A new genus of Atlantic octocorals (Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae): systematics of gorgoniids with asymmetric sclerites. J. Nat. Hist. 41(9-12): 493-509. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222930701237315 Sánchez JA. 2013. Remarkable specialization in Eastern Pacific sea fan ectoparasites (Neosimnia). Coral Reefs. 32: 891-891. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-013-1049-6 Sánchez JA. 2016. Diversity and Evolution of Octocoral Animal Forests at Both Sides of Tropical America. En: Rossi S, Bramanti L, Gori A, Orejas Saco del Valle C. (eds) Marine Animal Forests. Springer, Cham. Sánchez JA, Aguilar C, Dorado D, Manrique N. 2007. Phenotypic plasticity and morphological integration in a marine modular invertebrate. BMC Evol. Biol. 7, 122. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-7-122. Sánchez JA, Fuentes-Pardo AP, Ni Almhain I, Ardila-Espitia NE, Cantera-Kintz J, Forero-Shelton M. 2016. The masquerade game: marine mimicry adaptation between egg-cowries and octocorals. PeerJ. 4: e2051. Schiaparelli S, Barucca M, Olmo E, Boyer M, Canapa A. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships within Ovulidae (Gastropoda: Cypraeoidea) based on molecular data from the 16S rRNA gene. Mar. Biol. 147:411-420. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-005-1566-0 Schubert N, Brown D, Rossi S. 2016. Symbiotic Versus Non-symbiotic Octocorals: Physiological and Ecological Implications. En: Rossi S., Bramanti L., Gori A., Orejas Saco del Valle C. (eds) Marine Animal Forests. Springer, Cham. 1-32. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-17001-5_54-1 Sebens KP. 1984. Water flow and coral colony size: Interhabitat comparisons of the octocoral Alcyonium siderium. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 84: 5473-5477. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.81.17.5473 Soler-Hurtado MM, Megina C, Machordom A, López-González P. 2017. Foxed intra- and interspecific differentiation in Leptogorgia (Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae). A description of a new species based on multiple sources of evidence. Sci. Mar. 81, 147-157. https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04509.01C StatSoft. Inc. 2008. STATISTICA (data analysis software system), version 8.0. www.statsoft.com Sultan SE. 2000. Phenotypic plasticity for plant development, function and life history. Trends in Plant Science 5 (12): 537–542. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1360-1385(00)01797-0 Toro IMV, Manriquez SG, Suazo GI. 2010. Morfometría Geométrica y el Estudio de las Formas Biológicas: De la Morfología Descriptiva a la Morfología Cuantitativa. Int. J. Morphol. 28(4): 977-990. Vargas S, Breedy O, Siles F, Guzman HM. 2010. How many kinds of sclerites? Towards a morphometric classification of gorgoniid microskeletal components. Micron. 41:158-164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micron.2009.08.009 Van Oppen MJH, Baker AC, Coffroth MA, Willis BL. 2009. Bleaching resistance and the role of algal endosymbionts. En: Van Oppen MJH, Lough JM, (editors). Coral Bleaching. Ecological Studies. Heidelberg: Springer; 83–102. Weinbauer MG, Velimirov B. 1995. Morphological variation in the Mediterranean sea fan Eunicella cavolini (Coelenterata: Gorgonacea) in relation to exposure, colony size and colony region. Bull. Mar. Sci. 56 (1): 283-295. Wellington GM, Glynn PW. 1983. Environmental influences on skeletal banding in eastern Pacific (Panama) corals. Coral Reefs. 1: 215–222. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00304418 West JM, Harvell CD, Walls AM. 1993. Morphological plasticity in a gorgonian coral (Briareum asbestinum) over a depth cline. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 94(1): 61-69. West JM. 1997. Plasticity in the Sclerites of a Gorgonian Coral: Test of water motion, light level, and damage cues. Biol. Bull. 192(2): 279-289. https://doi.org/10.2307/1542721 West JM. 1998. The dual role of sclerites in a gorgonian coral: Conflicting functions of support and defense. Evol. Ecol. 12: 803-821. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006542515553 Zea S. 1987. Esponjas del Caribe colombiano. Primera edición. Colombia: Editorial Catálogo Científico. 285 p.
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject.proposalPhenotypic plasticity, Octocorals, Pacifigorgia, Morphological variation, taxonomy, Eastern Tropical Pacific
dc.subject.proposalPlasticidad fenotípica, Octocorales, Pacifigorgia, variación morfológica, taxonomía, Pacífico Oriental Tropical.
dc.type.coarhttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_bdcc
dc.type.coarversionhttp://purl.org/coar/version/c_ab4af688f83e57aa
dc.type.contentText
dc.type.redcolhttp://purl.org/redcol/resource_type/TM
oaire.accessrightshttp://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_abf2


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0 InternacionalThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial 4.0.This document has been deposited by the author (s) under the following certificate of deposit