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dc.rights.licenseAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0 Internacional
dc.contributor.advisorBotero Fernández, Verónica
dc.contributor.advisorDuque Cardona, Juan Carlos
dc.contributor.authorOspina Zapata, Juan Pablo
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-05T15:08:32Z
dc.date.available2021-04-05T15:08:32Z
dc.date.issued2020-12
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.unal.edu.co/handle/unal/79378
dc.descriptionDissertation for the degree of Doctor of Civil Engineering
dc.description.abstractThis research seeks to understand how the accessibility measure can be explained by the sociodemographic characteristics of cyclists, the built environment at the origin and destination, and the built and natural environment along the route. We first conducted a bicycle route survey to collect information about the characteristics of cyclists and the routes they take in Medellin city. Second, we developed an econometric model, which aimed at understanding how the natural and environmental factors of origin, destination, and along the route, affect cyclists’ travel distance. Such an understanding is essential to know about cyclists' preferences, which may affect their potential space of interaction in the city. Third, we solved an optimization problem which involved making investment decisions to build a cycling network that was aimed at maximizing the coverage of cyclists, while maintaining a minimum total network cost at its minimum. Fourth, we analyze the accessibility for cyclists, which takes into account the results derived from the econometric model and the optimization model. Our results reveal the importance of built and natural characteristics along the road in explaining cycling travel distances while controlling for socioeconomic and built environment measures at origins and destinations. All these results suggest that cyclists’ behaviors are diverse and therefore, including cyclists’ preferences will allow a more sensitive assessment of individual variations in accessibility measures.
dc.description.abstractEsta investigaci´on busc´o comprender la manera en la cual la medida de accesibilidad puede ser explicada por las caracter´ısticas sociodemogr´aficas de los ciclistas, el entorno construido en el origen y destino, y el entorno construido y natural a lo largo de la ruta. Primero realizamos una encuesta para recoger informaci´on sobre las caracter´ısticas de los ciclistas y las rutas que toman en la ciudad de Medell´ın. En segundo lugar, desarrollamos un modelo econom´etrico, cuyo objetivo era comprender c´omo los factores naturales y ambientales de origen, destino y a lo largo de la ruta afectan la distancia de viaje de los ciclistas. Esta comprensi´on es fundamental para conocer las preferencias de los ciclistas, las cu´ales pueden afectar su espacio de interacci´on en la ciudad. En tercer lugar, resolvimos un problema de optimizaci´on que implicaba tomar decisiones de inversi´on para construir una red ciclista que ten´ıa como objetivo maximizar la cobertura de los ciclistas, manteniendo al mismo tiempo un costo total m´ınimo de la red. En cuarto lugar, analizamos la accesibilidad para ciclistas, la cual tiene en cuenta los resultados derivados del modelo econom´etrico y el modelo de optimizaci´on. Nuestros resultados revelan la importancia de las caracter´ısticas socioecon´omicas, las caracter´ısticas del entorno construido en los or´ıgenes y destinos, as´ı como el entorno construido y natural a lo largo de la ruta para explicar las distancias de viaje en bicicleta. Nuestros resultados sugieren que los comportamientos de los ciclistas son diversos y, por lo tanto, la inclusi´on de las preferencias de los ciclistas permitir´a una evaluaci´on m´as sensible de las variaciones individuales en las medidas de accesibilidad.
dc.description.sponsorshipPEAK Urban Programme, supported by UKIR’s Global Challenge Re- search Fund, Grant Ref.: ES/P011055/1.
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad Nacional de Colombia-Medellin (project code QUIPU 202010017827)
dc.format.extent131 páginas
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherUniversidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.rightsDerechos reservados - Universidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subject.ddc620 - Ingeniería y operaciones afines::624 - Ingeniería civil
dc.titleMeasuring bicycle accessibility with spatial effects evaluation
dc.typeTrabajo de grado - Doctorado
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.publisher.programDepartamento de Ingeniería Civil
dc.contributor.researcherLópez , Víctor Ignacio
dc.contributor.researcherBrussel, Mark
dc.contributor.researcherGrigolon, Anna
dc.contributor.researcherMontoya, Alejandro
dc.description.degreelevelDoctorado
dc.description.programMedellín - Minas - Doctorado en Ingeniería - Ingeniería Civil
dc.description.researchareaTransportation planning and infrastructure
dc.description.researchareaPlaneación de Transporte e Infraestructura
dc.identifier.instnameUniversidad Nacional - Sede Medellín
dc.identifier.reponameRepositorio Universidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.identifier.repourlhttps://repositorio.unal.edu.co/
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad de Minas
dc.publisher.branchUniversidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Medellín
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dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject.lembConectividad
dc.subject.lembAccesibilidad
dc.subject.proposalAccessibility
dc.subject.proposalCycling
dc.subject.proposalTravel behavior
dc.subject.proposalInteraction effects
dc.subject.proposalNetwork
dc.subject.proposalCoverage
dc.subject.proposalConnectivity
dc.subject.proposalAccessibilidad
dc.subject.proposalCiclismo urbano
dc.subject.proposalEfectos interactivos
dc.subject.proposalRed
dc.subject.proposalCobertura
dc.subject.proposalConectividad
dc.title.translatedMedición de la accesibilidad para ciclistas incluyendo la evaluación de efectos espaciales
dc.type.coarhttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_db06
dc.type.coarversionhttp://purl.org/coar/version/c_ab4af688f83e57aa
dc.type.contentText
dc.type.redcolhttp://purl.org/redcol/resource_type/TD
oaire.accessrightshttp://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_abf2
oaire.awardtitleQUIPU 202010017827
oaire.fundernamePEAK Urban Programme
oaire.fundernameUniversidad Nacional de Colombia


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Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0 InternacionalThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial 4.0.This document has been deposited by the author (s) under the following certificate of deposit