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dc.rights.licenseAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0 Internacional
dc.contributor.advisorRestrepo Parra, Elisabeth
dc.contributor.advisorEscobar Rincón, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorSaldarriaga Montoya, Víctor Dahián
dc.descriptionfiguras, tablas
dc.description.abstractEl desgaste de herramientas es una de las principales preocupaciones en la industria herramental. Una evaluación comparativa del desgaste de los materiales que constituyen la herramienta ayudará a prevenir su reemplazo frecuente con la finalidad de reducir costos y perdidas asociadas a producción, rendimiento y tiempos de operación. En este documento, el mecanismo de desgaste en punzones herramentales, recubiertos con el nitruro cuaternario aluminio-titanio-zirconio AlTiZrN se comparan con un tratamiento superficial de nitruración ferrítica comúnmente disponible y ofertado por distintas empresas. Los punzones fueron fabricados con dos aceros AISI/SAE M2 y D2 los cuales tuvieron una considerable influencia debido a las diferencias físicas, tribológicas y químicas que poseen. Inicialmente se sintetizó el material AlTiZrN mediante la técnica PVD arco catódico; los parámetros de síntesis fueron reportados en este documento. Luego de esto se evaluaron parámetros composicionales, estructurales, morfológicos y tribológicos de los sustratos y los recubrimientos de AlTiZrN obtenidos. Las técnicas de caracterización usadas fueron, XPS, XRD, AFM, Scratch test a carga constante y carga progresiva, pin on disk modo reciproco y SEM. También se realizaron pruebas de campo en los distintos punzones. Se encontró que la vida útil de la herramienta para el punzón recubierto con AlTiZrN era mayor, mostrando una mejora aproximada del 57,02% en el rendimiento del herramental fabricado con acero M2. Las herramientas desgastadas se analizaron utilizando un microscopio electrónico de barrido SEM y un microscopio óptico para estudiar los mecanismos de desgaste de la herramienta. La resistencia a la corrosión también se evaluó siendo más favorable para los recubrimientos de AlTiZrN que para las muestras de acero tratadas mediante nitrocarburación Tenifer, esto se pudo evidenciar en el análisis Tafel dónde se notó una disminución drástica de la velocidad de corrosión.
dc.description.abstractTool wear is one of the major concerns in the tooling industry. Therefore, a comparative evaluation of the wear of the materials that form the tool, will help to prevent its constant replacement in order to reduce costs and losses related with production, performance, and operation times. In this current document, the wear mechanism in tooling punches coated with the quaternary aluminum-titanium-zirconium nitride AlTiZrN, are compared with the punches with a ferritic nitriding surface treatment, that are commonly available and offered by different companies. The punches were manufactured with two steels, AISI / SAE M2 and D2. Which had a considerable influence due to their physical, tribological and chemical differences. To begin, the AlTiZrN material was synthesized using the PVD cathodic arc technique. The synthesis parameters were reported. Subsequently, the compositional, structural, morphological and tribological parameters of the obtained AlTiZrN substrates and coatings were evaluated. The characterization techniques used were XPS, XRD, AFM, scratch test at constant load and at progressive load, pin on disk reciprocal mode and SEM. Field tests were also carried out on the different punches. It was found that the durability for the AlTiZrN coated punch was longer, showing an approximate 57.02% improvement in the performance of tooling made from M2 steel. The worn tools were analyzed using a SEM scanning electron and an optical microscope to study the tool wear mechanisms. The Corrosion resistance was also evaluated as being more advantageous for AlTiZrN coatings than for steel samples treated by Tenifer nitrocarburization. This could be evidenced in the Tafel analysis where a drastic decrease in the corrosion rate was identified.
dc.format.extent76 páginas
dc.subject.ddc530 - Física
dc.titleSíntesis y caracterización de recubrimientos protectores de AlTiZrN en acero M2 y D2
dc.typeTrabajo de grado - Maestría
dc.publisher.programManizales - Ciencias Exactas y Naturales - Maestría en Ciencias - Física
dc.contributor.researchgroupLaboratorio de Fisica del Plasma
dc.description.degreenameMagíster en Ciencias - Física
dc.description.researchareaProducción y Caracterización de Recubrimientos por Técnicas Asistidas por Plasma
dc.identifier.instnameUniversidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.identifier.reponameRepositorio Institucional Universidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.publisher.departmentDepartamento de Física y Química
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales
dc.publisher.placeManizales, Colombia
dc.publisher.branchUniversidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Manizales
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dc.subject.lembRevestimientos protectores
dc.subject.proposalacero D2
dc.subject.proposalacero M2
dc.subject.proposalD2 steel
dc.subject.proposalM2 steel
dc.title.translatedSynthesis and characterization of AlTiZrN coatings on M2 and D2 steel

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