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dc.rights.licenseReconocimiento 4.0 Internacional
dc.contributor.advisorGarcía Molina, Mario
dc.contributor.authorDávila Rueda, Erika Andrea
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-17T18:56:55Z
dc.date.available2022-03-17T18:56:55Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.unal.edu.co/handle/unal/81275
dc.descriptionilustraciones, gráficas, mapas, tablas
dc.description.abstractLa energía eléctrica ha sido catalogada como un impulsor vital para el crecimiento económico y social en un país. Sin embargo, a pesar de los esfuerzos realizados en los últimos años, no se ha mostrado un aumento significativo en el acceso por parte de casi 800 millones de habitantes a nivel mundial y 2 millones en el caso colombiano, en donde muchos de los proyectos de energía en las zonas no interconectadas operan por menos de un año una vez implementados. Este trabajo busca identificar cuales factores afectan la supervivencia de los proyectos de energía eléctrica en las zonas no interconectadas. Para ello se realizó el planteamiento de la hipótesis del trabajo, se revisaron los proyectos en el mundo para validar si los factores que se postularon en la hipótesis se cumplen de acuerdo con lo que reporta la literatura internacional, se analizaron los resultados obtenidos en una entrevista a profundidad con un experto del caso colombiano y se procedió a identificar los factores y el efecto de éstos en la supervivencia de los proyectos de energía en las ZNI. Se evidenció que el 56% de los artículos estudiados mencionan la participación comunitaria, 25% el nivel de ingresos, 17% la densidad poblacional, 19% la zona geográfica, 15% la actividad productiva, 15% la disponibilidad de los recursos naturales y el 65% menciona o se enfoca en los aspectos técnicos, como factores clave para la supervivencia de los proyectos. A partir de esto, se encontró que la mayoría de los problemas con los que se encuentran los proyectos eléctricos una vez implementados, están relacionados con la falta de involucramiento de la comunidad, habilidades de mantenimiento y de gestión. Resaltando la importancia de no ver los proyectos eléctricos como un fin, sino como un medio de transformación social. Es decir, es necesario impulsar el desarrollo socioeconómico en paralelo con las implementaciones de proyectos energéticos, con el fin de contribuir a la supervivencia de éstos en el tiempo. (Texto tomado de la fuente).
dc.description.abstractElectric power has been identified as a vital driver for economic and social growth in a country. However, despite the efforts made in recent years, there has not been a significant increase in access by almost 800 million inhabitants worldwide and 2 million in the Colombian case, where many of the energy projects in the Non-Interconnected Zones operate for less than a year once implemented. This work seeks to identify which factors affect the survival of electric power projects in non-interconnected zones. For this, the work hypothesis was proposed, the projects in the world were reviewed to validate if the factors that were postulated in the hypothesis are fulfilled according to what the international literature reports, the results obtained were analyzed with an in-depth interview with an expert on the Colombian case and then proceeded to identify the factors and their effect on the energy projects survival in the ZNIs. It was evidenced that 56% of the articles studied mention community participation, 25% income level, 17% population density, 19% geographic area, 15% productive activity, 15% availability of natural resources and 65% mention or focus on technical aspects, as key factors for the project’s survival. It was found that most of the problems encountered by electrical projects once implemented are related to a lack of community involvement, maintenance and management skills. Highlighting the importance of not seeing electrical projects as an end, but as a means of social transformation. In other words, it is necessary to promote socioeconomic development in parallel with the implementation of energy projects, to contribute to their survival over time.
dc.format.extentxvii, 67 páginas
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isospa
dc.publisherUniversidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject.ddc650 - Gerencia y servicios auxiliares::658 - Gerencia general
dc.titleFactores que afectan la supervivencia de los proyectos de energía eléctrica en las zonas no interconectadas: Lecciones para Colombia de la experiencia internacional
dc.typeTrabajo de grado - Maestría
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.publisher.programBogotá - Ciencias Económicas - Maestría en Administración
dc.contributor.researchgroupGrupo Interdisciplinario en Teoría E Investigación Aplicada en Ciencias Económicas
dc.coverage.countryColombia
dc.description.degreelevelMaestría
dc.description.degreenameMagíster en Administración
dc.description.researchareaPolítica pública
dc.identifier.instnameUniversidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.identifier.reponameRepositorio Institucional Universidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.identifier.repourlhttps://repositorio.unal.edu.co/
dc.publisher.departmentEscuela de Administración y Contaduría Pública
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad de Ciencias Económicas
dc.publisher.placeBogotá, Colombia
dc.publisher.branchUniversidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Bogotá
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dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject.lembIndustrial project management
dc.subject.lembAdministración de proyectos industriales
dc.subject.lembEnergy industry
dc.subject.lembIndustria energética
dc.subject.lembEnergy distribution
dc.subject.lembDistribución de energía
dc.subject.proposalDesarrollo
dc.subject.proposalDevelopment
dc.subject.proposalLargo plazo
dc.subject.proposalSostenible
dc.subject.proposalSupervivencia
dc.subject.proposalEnergía
dc.subject.proposalMini-grid
dc.subject.proposalElectrificación
dc.subject.proposalRural
dc.subject.proposalPaíses en desarrollo
dc.subject.proposalPerdurability
dc.subject.proposalSustainability
dc.subject.proposalEnergy
dc.subject.proposalSurvival
dc.subject.proposalMini-grid
dc.subject.proposalElectrification
dc.subject.proposalRural
dc.subject.proposalDeveloping countries
dc.title.translatedFactors that affect the survival of electric energy projects in non-interconnected areas: Lessons for Colombia from the international experience
dc.type.coarhttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_bdcc
dc.type.coarversionhttp://purl.org/coar/version/c_ab4af688f83e57aa
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dc.type.redcolhttp://purl.org/redcol/resource_type/TM
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dcterms.audience.professionaldevelopmentAdministradores
dcterms.audience.professionaldevelopmentEstudiantes
dcterms.audience.professionaldevelopmentGrupos comunitarios
dcterms.audience.professionaldevelopmentInvestigadores
dcterms.audience.professionaldevelopmentPúblico general
dcterms.audience.professionaldevelopmentResponsables políticos


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