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dc.rights.licenseAtribución-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional
dc.contributor.advisorGomez Hernandez, Luz Yadira
dc.contributor.authorMuñoz Martínez, Kevin Orlando
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-30T14:48:34Z
dc.date.available2022-03-30T14:48:34Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.unal.edu.co/handle/unal/81419
dc.descriptionilustraciones, diagramas, mapas, tablas
dc.description.abstractLos sistemas de buses de tránsito rápido (BRT) han ganado popularidad en los últimos años como una alternativa costo eficiente para dotar a las ciudades con un sistema de transporte público sostenible y que supla las necesidades de todos sus habitantes. El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar el vínculo de Transcaribe, el sistema BRT de Cartagena, con las condiciones de empleo de sus habitantes, utilizando datos del censo del año 2018, datos de empleo y empresas del Informe 500 empresas de Cartagena e información de los amenities y la ubicación de las estaciones de Transcaribe, tomadas del Marco Geoestadístico Nacional del año 2017. En total, la investigación cuenta con 135.391 observaciones de jefes de hogar. Para el análisis, se utilizaron las dos estrategias de identificación más comunes según la revisión de la literatura empírica: un modelo Logit para estimar el efecto de la accesibilidad a Transcaribe sobre la probabilidad de estar empleado, así como el método Propensity Score Matching (PSM) que permitió comparar las áreas de la ciudad con acceso a Transcaribe con aquellas sin estaciones cercanas, para hallar el efecto promedio de tratamiento del transporte público sobre el empleo en la ciudad. La investigación encontró que la cercanía a una estación de Transcaribe incrementa la probabilidad de estar empleado y la accesibilidad al BRT en Cartagena tiene un impacto positivo promedio de entre 3% y 8% en el empleo de la ciudad. Además, se han realizado pruebas de heterogeneidad a nivel de sexo, estrato socioeconómico y grupos etarios para encontrar aquellos grupos poblacionales en los que el sistema tiene un mayor efecto. (Texto tomado de la fuente)
dc.description.abstractBus rapid transit (BRT) systems have gained popularity in recent years as a cost-efficient alternative to provide cities with a sustainable public transport system that meets the needs of all its inhabitants. This research aims to determine the link between Transcaribe (Cartagena's BRT system) and the employment conditions of its inhabitants, using data from the 2018 census, employment, and business data from the 500 Cartagena Companies Report, and information from the amenities and the location of the Transcaribe stations, taken from the National Georeferencing Framework of the year 2017. The research uses 135,391 observations of heads of household. In the estimation, the most common identification strategies according to the empirical literature review were used: A Logit model to estimate the effect of accessibility to Transcaribe on the probability of being employed, as well as the Propensity Score Matching (PSM) method, that allowed comparing the areas of the city with access to Transcaribe with those without nearby stations, to find the Average Treatment Effect of public transport on employment. The research found that proximity to a Transcaribe station increases the probability of being employed and accessibility to the BRT in Cartagena has an average positive impact between 4% and 10% on employment. At the end, heterogeneity tests were carried out for gender, age groups, and socioeconomic strata to find the population in which the system had a greater effect.
dc.format.extent122 páginas
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isospa
dc.publisherUniversidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
dc.subject.ddc330 - Economía::331 - Economía laboral
dc.subject.ddc380 - Comercio , comunicaciones, transporte::388 - Transporte
dc.titleAnálisis del vínculo entre el transporte público y el empleo en Cartagena, Colombia
dc.typeTrabajo de grado - Maestría
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.publisher.programMedellín - Ciencias Humanas y Económicas - Maestría en Ciencias Económicas
dc.coverage.cityCartagena, Colombia
dc.description.degreelevelMaestría
dc.description.degreenameMagíster en Ciencias Económicas
dc.identifier.instnameUniversidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.identifier.reponameRepositorio Institucional Universidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.identifier.repourlhttps://repositorio.unal.edu.co/
dc.publisher.departmentDepartamento de Economía
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad de Ciencias Humanas y Económicas
dc.publisher.placeMedellín, Colombia
dc.publisher.branchUniversidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Medellín
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dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject.lembEconomía del transporte
dc.subject.lembTransport Economics
dc.subject.lembLocal transit
dc.subject.lembTransporte local - Cartagena (Colombia)
dc.subject.proposalTransporte público
dc.subject.proposalTranscaribe
dc.subject.proposalBuses de tránsito rápido
dc.subject.proposalPropensity score matching
dc.subject.proposalRegresión logística
dc.subject.proposalEmpleo
dc.subject.proposalPublic transport
dc.subject.proposalEmployment
dc.subject.proposalTranscaribe
dc.subject.proposalRapid transit buses
dc.subject.proposalPropensity score matching
dc.subject.proposalLogistic regression
dc.title.translatedAnalysis of the link between public transport and employment in Cartagena, Colombia
dc.type.coarhttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_bdcc
dc.type.coarversionhttp://purl.org/coar/version/c_ab4af688f83e57aa
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dc.type.redcolhttp://purl.org/redcol/resource_type/TM
oaire.accessrightshttp://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_abf2
dcterms.audience.professionaldevelopmentEstudiantes
dcterms.audience.professionaldevelopmentInvestigadores
dcterms.audience.professionaldevelopmentPúblico general
dcterms.audience.professionaldevelopmentResponsables políticos
dc.description.curricularareaÁrea Curricular de Economía


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